Some Physically Useful Definite IntegralsThis is just a sampling of some of the definite integrals which appear in physical problems

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Definite Integrals Associated with Gaussian DistributionsIn physical systems which can be modeled by a Gaussian distribution, one sometimes needs to obtain the average or expectation value for physical quantities. If these properties depend on x, then they can be integrated to find the average value. For the first five powers of x, the integrals have the following forms:

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Definite Integrals of the Squares of Trig FunctionsIn dealing with sinusoidal functions associated with waves and those associated with AC electric circuits, the squares of trig functions appear. If they are averaged, then the average of the square of a trig function is found to be 1/2, so long as you are taking an integer number of quarter periods.

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